Renal cysts refer to the sacs of fluid that develop in the kidneys. They are also called simple kidney cysts, characterized by a thin wall with fluid on the inside. This condition is common in older people, especially those diagnosed with diabetes.

What is the link between renal cysts and diabetes?

Renal cysts are among the most common cysts found in individuals with varying blood sugar levels. It is associated with severe disorders that can severely damage and affect how the kidney functions. While they are non-cancerous, complications can happen without immediate treatment.

The symptoms associated with this condition are as follows:

  • Pain in the side, back, or upper abdomen
  • Fever or chills
  • Enlargement of organ
  • Bleeding
  • Change in urinary habit
  • Presence of blood in the urine

Like other infections, renal cysts can happen without proper diabetes. While renal cysts can occur at any age, older people are highly likely to develop the disorder.


The treatment for renal cysts depends on the signs and symptoms. If the condition does not interfere with kidney function, treatment may not be necessary. However, your healthcare professional may require you to undergo regular imaging tests and other medical procedures to check your kidney’s condition. The tests will also monitor that your kidneys are not enlarged.

If signs and symptoms are present, your doctor will recommend two treatment options. The first option is puncturing and draining your cyst. This procedure involves inserting a long and thin needle through your skin. Once it penetrates your skin, it will reach the renal cysts and shrink them. The second option involves surgical removal of the cyst. This procedure involves making several incisions in your skin and inserting a tool to drain the fluid out of the cyst.


Managing your diabetes well plays a vital role in preventing other health complications. If diabetes causes renal cysts, treating the underlying medical condition is a must by taking regular insulin treatments and maintaining a healthy lifestyle. Furthermore, discuss with your healthcare professional and ask for advice on how to prevent other severe health conditions associated with diabetes.