Is Type 1 Diabetes an Autoimmune Disease?

type 1 diabetes autoimmune

An autoimmune disease refers to a medical condition in which the immune system mistakenly attacks a functioning body part. There is no substantial evidence explaining the development of an autoimmune illness; however, experts believe that it may be caused by environmental factors.

The main function of the immune system is to protect the body against diseases and infections. When it identifies foreign invaders, such as viruses and bacteria, it produces antibodies that defend the body against possible health dilemmas. In the occurrence of an autoimmune disease, the immune system mistakenly strikes a body organ.

Type 1 diabetes is one of the many known autoimmune diseases. It develops when the body’s immune system erroneously recognizes the production of insulin as foreign and harmful. As a result, it ultimately impairs the beta cells, stopping insulin production. This causes the development of type 1 diabetes, as well as the abnormality in the body’s blood glucose condition.

Type 1 diabetes symptoms and signs

  • Frequent urination
  • High blood sugar
  • Excessive thirst
  • Rapid weight loss
  • Extreme appetite
  • Impaired vision
  • Vomiting
  • Irritability
  • Pain in the abdomen
  • Nausea
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Presence of Ketones
  • Confusion
  • Skin infections

Treatment

Similar to other forms of diabetes, type 1 also involves the usage of insulin treatment. Here are the approved insulin medications:

  • Intermediate-acting insulin
  • Short-acting insulin
  • Long-acting insulin
  • Rapid-acting insulin

These medicinal hormones are administered through injections, insulin pumps, and pre-filled pens. Your healthcare professional will also explain the basics of insulin treatment and how insulin shots are administered.

During the treatment process, blood sugar monitoring should be done frequently. Eating nutritious foods and exercising regularly is also a must. Additionally, maintaining a healthy weight can prevent blood sugar levels from increasing. Always note that your daily goal is to balance and control your body’s levels of blood glucose. Doing the mentioned practices will keep you healthy and away from possible diabetes-related complications.