Metformin Overdose Symptoms and Side Effects

Metformin Overdose Symptoms and Side Effects

One of the most frequently given medicines for diabetes is Metformin. It is a type of medication that controls the status of the body’s overall amount of glucose or sugar. Once integrated with insulin, the drug is able to provide medical relief for individuals suffering the symptoms of the said illness. It has many good functions that make it a widely-used medicine for people dealing with the disease.

Metformin’s prescription is given based on the kind of treatment a diabetic person needs. A healthcare professional ensures that the dosage is just right and fitting for the patient. However, being unable to follow the prescription or too much intake of the drug may cause an overdose. Correlative to other medicines, Metformin is very much capable of inducing a serious case of toxicity to patients and diabetic people alike. This medicine is recognized as a long-term treatment, especially if the patient is prescribed its oral tablet form. This explains why taking it as directed by the healthcare specialist is a must.

Metformin Overdose Symptoms

Once an overdose occurs involving Metformin, it is usually linked with a medical condition called lactic acidosis. This condition is defined as an outcome of a pre-existing health concern, especially in its chronic stage. Lactic acidosis is identified by the development of lactate in the human body. The condition is associated with a severely low pH in the blood. It is categorized as a stern electrolyte disorder, or in other words, metabolic acidosis. This health dilemma only happens when there is an unevenness in the acid-base of the body.

The signs and symptoms of overdosage concerning Metformin are:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Unexplained weakness
  • Diarrhea
  • Extreme thirst
  • Loss of appetite
  • Hypothermia
  • Renal problems
  • Cardiac arrest
  • Heart attack
  • Coma
  • Hyperpnea
  • Abdominal pain
  • Severe stomach pain
  • Severe headache
  • Dizziness
  • Blurry vision
  • Other symptoms of lactic acidosis

Note that these symptoms are already considered clinical, which means that when any of the mentioned reactions happen, a doctor’s consultation (or a possible hospitalization) is urgently needed.

Although rare, Metformin overdose can cause serious effects to the body. The consequences corresponding to it could be fatal, and addressing it early could prevent its severe aftermath. For your safety, sticking with the prescription is necessary. If dosage adjustment is needed, your doctor will detail the new dose you’ll be taking on a regular basis. Avoid overdose by always following the right prescription.

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Disclaimer: Please note that the contents of this community article are strictly for informational purposes and should not be considered as medical advice. This article, and other community articles, are not written or reviewed for medical validity by Canadian Insulin or its staff. All views and opinions expressed by the contributing authors are not endorsed by Canadian Insulin. Always consult a medical professional for medical advice, diagnosis, and treatment.