What is Dysglycemia?

Do you experience frequent blood sugar swings? If so, you have developed Dysglycemia, a condition that refers to the abnormality in blood sugar stability. It may include hyperglycemia (high blood sugar) or hypoglycemia (low blood sugar). This condition is very common in people diagnosed with diabetes mellitus.

Why does my blood sugar rise too high and drop too low?

This is one of the many questions that people with diabetes ask. When we consume something, our body breaks down carbohydrates into sugar molecules called glucose. This glucose enters the cells using insulin for energy or fuel storage. However, when there isn’t enough insulin, the glucose cannot be absorbed by the cells and stays in blood, which means a blood sugar spike can happen. This occurrence is called hyperglycemia.

On the other hand, when your blood sugar levels are too low, it can result in hypoglycemia. This occurs when there isn’t enough sugar in the blood, or you may have taken too many diabetes medications such as insulin. This results in unstable blood sugar levels.

What are the symptoms of dysglycemia?

The symptoms of dysglycemia are based on two medical conditions, such as hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia. Consider the following:


  • Frequent urination
  • Frequent thirst
  • Blurry eyesight
  • Headaches
  • Tiredness (fatigue)

Without immediate treatment, more symptoms can develop. These are as follows:

  • Pain in the abdomen
  • Weakness
  • Confusion
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Difficulty breathing


  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Loss of color (paleness)
  • Shakiness
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Irritability
  • Sweating

The absence of immediate medical care can lead to additional symptoms of hypoglycemia, such as:

  • Mental confusion
  • Seizures or convulsions
  • Vision problems
  • Loss of consciousness

How to treat dysglycemia?

Treating dysglycemia depends on what causes it. Since it primarily involves diabetes, managing blood sugar levels is the best approach to treating and preventing dysglycemia from happening. Consider these simple tips below:

  • Monitor your blood sugar daily. This involves testing your blood sugar regularly through glucose monitoring systems or blood glucose meters.
  • Log your record. After testing your blood sugar, keep a tab on the results. This will help you in adjusting your meal plan or medication. However, you must consult your doctor before modifying anything in your treatment.
  • Learn the symptoms. Learning about the symptoms of both hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia will help you be aware of the condition. It will also help you to know if any of the conditions are already happening so you can provide first aid.
  • Observe a healthy meal plan. Fill your plate with more fiber and protein instead of carbohydrate-rich food. This will help you manage your blood sugar well.
  • Exercise regularly. Aside from eating a healthy, balanced diet, exercising at least 30 minutes to 1 hour daily can help prevent blood sugar spikes.